Peter Mueller

Office: (630) 252-7267
FAX: (630) 252-6210
[email protected]

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ResearcherID E-4408-2011

Peter Mueller

Degrees Attained

Dr. rer. nat.        2003, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany;
Dipl. Phys.         1996, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Employment History

since 2018           Prinicpal Physicist, Argonne National Laboratory;
since 2012           Affiliate Assistant Professor, University of Washington, Seattle;
2011 – 2018        Physicist, Argonne National Laboratory;
2007 – 2011        Assistant Physicist, Argonne National Laboratory;
2005 – 2007        Named Postdoctoral Fellow, Argonne National Laboratory;
2003 – 2005        Postdoctoral Fellow, Argonne National Laboratory;
2001 – 2003        Visiting Scientist, Argonne National Laboratory;
1997 – 2001        Research Assistant, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany;
1995 – 2001        Teaching Assistant, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.


2011  Presidential Early Career Award for Scientist and Engineers;
2011  DOE Office of Science Early Career Research Award;
2010  IUPAP Young Scientist Prize in Nuclear Physics
2005  Willard Frank Libby Postdoctoral Fellowship of Argonne National Laboratory.

Research Interests

Laser spectroscopy for nuclear structure studies;
Low-energy tests of fundamental symmetries;
Ultra-sensitive trace-isotope analysis.

Selected Publications

Identifying recharge processes into a vast “fossil” aquifer based on dynamic groundwater 81Kr age evolution
    R. Ram, A. Burg, J.C. Zappala, R. Yokochi, Y. Yechieli, R. Purtschert, W. Jiang, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, R. Bernier, E.M. Adar
        Journal of Hydrology (2020)

Atmospheric 81Kr as an integrator of cosmic-ray flux on the hundred-thousand-year timescale
    J.C. Zappala, D. Baggenstos, Ch. Gerber, W. Jiang, B.M. Kennedy, Z.-T. Lu, J. Masarik, P. Mueller, R. Purtschert, A. Visser
        Geophysical Research Letters 47, e2019GL086381 (2020)

Krypton-81 dating of the deep Continental Intercalaire aquifer with implications for chlorine-36 dating
    T. Matsumoto, K.Zouari, R. Trabelsi, D. Hillegonds, W. Jiang, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, J.C. Zappala, L.J. Araguás Araguás,
    N. Romeo, A. Agoun
        Earth and Planetary Science Letters 535, 116120 (2020)

Recent seawater intrusion into deep aquifer determined by the radioactivenoble-gas isotopes 81Kr and 39Ar
    Y. Yechieli, R. Yokochi, M. Zilberbrand, Z.-T. Lu, R. Purtschert, J. Sueltenfuss, W. Jiang, J. Zappala, P. Mueller, R. Bernier,
    N. Avrahamov, E. Adar, F. Talhami, Y. Livshitz, A. Burg
        Earth and Planetary Science Letters 507, 21 (2019)

Radiokrypton unveils dual moisture sources of a deep desert aquifer
    R. Yokochi, R. Ram, J. Zappala, W. Jiang, E. Adar, R. Bernier, A. Burg, U. Dayan, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, R. Purtschert,
    Y. Yechieli
        Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, 16222 (2019)

Nuclear Charge Radii of 10,11B
    B. Maaß, T. Hüther, K. König, J. Krämer, J. Krause, A. Lovato, P. Müller, K. Pachucki, M. Puchalski, R. Roth, R. Sánchez,
    F. Sommer, R.B. Wiringa, W. Nörtershäuser
        Physical Review Letters 122, 182501 (2019)

Field Degassing as a New Sampling Method for 14C Analyses in Old Groundwater
    R. Yokochi, R. Bernier, R. Purtschert, J.C. Zappala, Y. Yechieli, E. Adar, W. Jiang, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, G. Olack, R. Ram
        Radiocarbon 60, 349 (2018)

The circulation of the Dead Sea brine in the regional aquifer
    N. Weber, Y. Yechieli, M. Stein, R. Yokochi, I. Gavrieli, J. Zappala, P. Mueller, Boaz Lazara
        Earth and Planetary Science Letters 493, 242 (2018)

Rapid processing of  85Kr/Kr ratios using Atom Trap Trace Analysis
    J.C. Zappala, K. Bailey, P. Mueller, T.P. O’Connor, and R. Purschert
        Water Resources Research 53, 2553 (2017)

Setting a Limit on Anthropogenic Sources of Atmospheric 81Kr through Atom Trap Trace Analysis
    J.C. Zappala, K. Bailey, W. Jiang, B. Micklich, P. Mueller, T.P. O’Connor, and R. Purtschert
        Chemical Geology 453, 66 (2017)

Using 81Kr and Noble Gases to Characterize and Date Groundwater and Brines in the Baltic Artesian Basin on the One-Million-Year Timescale
    Ch. Gerber, R. Vaikmäe, W. Aeschbach, A. Babre, W. Jiang, M. Leuenberger, Z.-T. Lu, R. Mokrik, P. Müller, V. Raidla,
    T. Saks, N. H. Waber, Th. Weissbach, J. C. Zappala, R. Purtschert
        Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, In Press (2017), DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2017.01.033

High accuracy position response calibration method for a micro-channel plate ion detector
    R. Honga, A. Leredde, Y. Bagdasarova, X. Fléchard, A. García, P. Müller, A. Knecht, E. Liénard, M. Kossin,
    M.G. Sternberg, H.E. Swanson, D.W. Zumwalt
        Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 835, 42 (2016), DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2016.08.024

Improved limit on the 225Ra electric dipole moment PDF
    M. Bishof, R.H. Parker, K.G. Bailey, J. P. Greene, R.J. Holt, M.R. Kalita, W. Korsch, N.D. Lemke, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller,
    T. P. O'Connor, J.T. Singh, and M.R. Dietrich
        Physical Review C, 94, 025501 (2016), DOI:10.1103/PhysRevC.94.025501, arXiv:1606.04931

Physics Synopsis Suggested ReadingFirst measurement of the atomic electric dipole moment of 225Ra PDF
    R. H. Parker, M. R. Dietrich, M.R. Kalita, N.D. Lemke, K. Bailey, M.N. Bishof, J. P. Greene, R. J. Holt, W. Korsch, Z.-T. Lu,
     P. Mueller, T. P. O'Connor, J.T. Singh
        Physical Review Letters, 114, 233002 (2015), DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.233002, arXiv:1504.07477
        (see accompanying Physics Synopsis)

Continental degassing of 4He by surficial discharge of deep groundwater
    P.K. Aggarwal, T. Matsumoto, N.C. Sturchio, H.K. Chang, D. Gastmans, L.J. Araguas-Araguas, W. Jiang, Z.-T. Lu,
    P. Mueller, R. Yokochi, R. Purtschert and T. Torgersen
        Nature Geoscience, 8, 35 (2015), DOI:10.1038/ngeo2302

Measurement of the Hyperfine Quenching Rate of the Clock Transition in 171Yb
    C.-Y. Xu, J. Singh, J. C. Zappala, K. G. Bailey, M. R. Dietrich, J. P. Greene, W. Jiang, N. D. Lemke, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller,
    T. P. O'Connor
        Physical Review Letters 113, 033003 (2014), DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.033003

Radiometric 81Kr dating identifies 120,000-year-old ice at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica
    Christo Buizert, Daniel Baggenstos, Wei Jiang, Roland Purtschert, Vasilii V. Petrenko, Zheng-Tian L, Peter Müller,
    Tanner Kuhl, James Lee, Jeffrey P. Severinghaus, and Edward J. Brook
        Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111, 6876 (2014) ,

Krypton-81 in Groundwater of the Culebra Dolomite Near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, New Mexico
    N.C. Sturchio, K.L. Kuhlman, R. Yokochi, P.C. Probst, W. Jiang, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, G.-M. Yang
        Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 160, 12 (2014) , DOI:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2014.02.002

Ion current as a precise measure of the loading rate of a magneto-optical trap
    W. Jiang, K. Bailey, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, T. P. O’Connor, and R. Purtschert
        Optics Letters 39, 409 (2014) DOI:10.1364/OL.39.000409

Colloquium: Laser probing of neutron-rich nuclei in light atoms Abstract / PDF
    Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, G. W. F. Drake, W. Nörtershäuser, Steven C. Pieper, and Z.-C. Yan
        Rev. Mod. Phys. 85, 1383 (2013)

Noble gas radionucleides in Yellowstone geothermal gas emissions: A reconnaissance
    R. Yokochi, N.C. Sturchio, R. Purtschert, W. Jiang, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, G.-M. Yang, f, B.M. Kennedy, Y. Kharaka
        Chemical Geology 339, 43 (2013) DOI:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2012.09.037

Efficient, tightly-confined trapping of 226Ra Abstract (PDF)
    R.H. Parker, M.R. Dietrich, K. Bailey, J.P. Greene, R.J. Holt, M.R. Kalita, W. Korsch, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller,
    T.P. O'Connor, J. Singh, I.A. Sulai, W.L. Trimble
         Physical Review C 86, 065503 (2012)

An Atom Counter for Measuring 81Kr and 85Kr in Environmental Samples
    W. Jiang, K. Bailey, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, T.P. O'Connor, C.-F. Cheng, S.-M. Hu, R. Purtschert, N.C. Sturchio,
     Y.R. Sun, W.D. Williams, and G.-M. Yang
         Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 91,1-6 (2012)

Optical Excitation and Decay Dynamics of Ytterbium Atoms Embedded in a Solid Neon Matrix Abstract ( PDF / arXiv:1106.3447)
    C.-Y. Xu, S.-M. Hu, J. Singh, K. Bailey, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, T. P. O'Connor and U. Welp
         Physical Review Letters 107, 093001 (2011)

Physics Synopsis Suggested Reading,39Ar Detection at the 10-16 Isotopic Abundance Level with Atom Trap Trace Analysis Abstract ( PDF / arXiv:1101.2933 )
     W. Jiang, W. D. Williams, K. Bailey, A.M. Davis, S.-M. Hu, Z.-T. Lu, T.P. O'Connor, R. Purtschert, N.C. Sturchio,
     Y.R. Sun, P. Mueller
         Physical Review Letters 106, 103001 (2011) ( See accompanying Physics Synopsis )

Spectroscopic study of the cycling transition 4s[3/2]2–4p[5/2]3 at 811.8 nm in 39Ar: Hyperfine structure and isotope shift Abstract / PDF
     W. Williams, Z.-T. Lu, K. Rudinger, C.-Y. Xu, R. Yokochi, and P. Mueller
         Physical Review A 83, 012512 (2011)

The role of carrier gases in the production of metastable argon atoms in a rf discharge Abstract
     Kenneth Rudinger, Zheng-Tian Lu, and Peter Mueller
         Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 036105 (2009)

Lifetime of the 7s6d 1D2 atomic state of radium Abstract / PDF
     W. L. Trimble, I. A. Sulai, I. Ahmad, K. Bailey, B. Graner, J. P. Greene, R. J. Holt, W. Korsch, Z.-T. Lu,
     P. Mueller, and T. P. O’Connor
         Physical Review A 80, 054501 (2009)

Suggested ReadingHyperfine Suppression of 2 3S1 - 3 3PJ Transitions in 3He Abstract / PDF
     I.A. Sulai, Quixue Wu, M. Bishof, G.W.F. Drake, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, and R.Santra
         Physical Review Letters 101, 173001 (2008)

Suggested ReadingNuclear charge radius of 8He Abstract / PDF / Preprint arXiv:0801.0601v1 (nucl-ex)
     P. Mueller, I.A. Sulai, A.C.C. Villari, J.A. Alcantara-Nunez, R. Alves-Conde, K. Bailey, G.W.F. Drake, M. Dubois, C. Eleon,
     G. Gaubert, R.J. Holt, R.V.F. Janssens, N. Lecesne, Z.-T. Lu, T.P. O'Connor, M.-G. Saint-Laurent, J.-C. Thomas,
     L.-B. Wang
         Physical Review Letters 99, 252501 (2007)

Charge radius and dipole response of Li-11
     H. Esbensen, K. Hagino, P. Mueller, and H. Sagawa
         Physical Review C 76, 024302 (2007)

Fine Structure of the 1s3p 3PJ Level in Atomic He-4: Theory and Experiment
     P. Mueller, L.-B. Wang, G. W. F. Drake, K. Bailey, Z.-T. Lu, T. P. O’Connor
         Physical Review Letters 94, 133001 (2005)

Laser Spectroscopic Determination of the He-6 Nuclear Charge Radius
     L.-B. Wang, P. Mueller, G. W. F. Drake, J. P. Greene, D. Henderson, R. J. Holt, R. V. F. Janssens, C. L. Jiang, Z.-T. Lu,
     T.P. O’Connor, R. C. Pardo, K. E. Rehm, J. P. Schiffer, X. D. Tang
         Physical Review Letters 93, 142501 (2004)

An Atom Trap System for Practical Kr-81-Dating
     X. Du, K. Bailey, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, T. P. O'Connor, L. Young
         Review of Scientific Instruments 75, 3224 (2004)

One million year old groundwater in the Sahara revealed by krypton-81 and chlorine-36
     N.C. Sturchio, X. Du, R. Purtschert, B. E. Lehmann, M. Sultan, L. J. Patterson, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, K. Bailey,
     T.P. O’Connor, L. Young, R. Lorenzo, B.M. Kennedy, M. van Soest, Z. El Alfy, B. El Kaliouby, Y. Dawood,
     and A.M.A. Abdallah
         Geophysical Research Letters 31, L05503 (2004)

Counting individual Ca-41 atoms with a Magneto-Optical Trap
     I. D. Moore, K. Bailey, J. Greene, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, T. P. O’Connor, Ch. Geppert, K. D. A. Wendt, L. Young
         Physical Review Letters 92, 153002 (2004)

Search for anomalously heavy isotopes of helium in the Earth’s atmosphere
     P. Mueller, L.-B. Wang, R. J. Holt, Z.-T. Lu, T. P. O’Connor, and J. P. Schiffer
         Physical Review Letters 92, 022501 (2004)

A new method of measuring Kr-81 and Kr-85 abundances in environmental samples
     X. Du, R. Purtschert, K. Bailey, B. E. Lehmann, R. Lorenzo, Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, T. P. O’Connor,
     N.C. Sturchio, and L. Young
         Geophysical Research Letters 30, 2068 (2003).

Laser spectroscopic measurement of helium isotope ratios
     L.-B. Wang, P. Mueller, R. Holt, Z.-T. Lu, T.P. O’Connor, Y. Sano, N.C. Sturchio
         Geophysical Research Letters 30, 1592 (2003)

Ca-41 ultratrace determination with isotopic selectivity > 10^12 by diode-laser-based RIMS
     P. Mueller, B.A. Bushaw, K. Blaum, S. Diel, Ch. Geppert, A. Nahler, N. Trautmann, W. Noertershaeuser, K. Wendt
         Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry 370, 508 (2001)

Trace Detection of Ca-41 in Nuclear Reactor Concrete by Diode-laser-based Resonance Ionization Mass Spectrometry
     P. Mueller, K. Blaum, B. A. Bushaw, S. Diel, Ch. Geppert, A. Naehler, W. Noertershaeuser, N. Trautmann an K. Wendt
         Radiochimica Acta 88, 487 (2000)

Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure in calcium 4snp 1P1 and 4snf F Rydberg States
     P. Mueller, B. A.  Bushaw, W. Noertershaeuser, K. Wendt
         European Physical Journal D 12, 33 (2000)

Lineshapes in triple resonance ionization spectroscopy
     W. Noertershaeuser, P. Mueller, K. Wendt, B. A. Bushaw
         Applied Optics 39, 5590 (2000)