Helpful background material:

Dear Colleague Letter
The Department of Energy's Office of Science Dear Colleague Letter on accelerating development of and research impacts from Quantum Information Science. 
President's FY2019 Budget Requests:
"$105M in quantum computing to address the emerging urgency of building U.S. competency and competitiveness in the developing area of quantum information science, including quantum computing and quantum sensor technology."  Call for a National Quantum Initiative
 Chicago Quantum Exchange
 UK National Quantum Technologies Programme
 The European Quantum Technologies Roadmap

Europe's billioneuro quantum project
(See also)
Related workshops:

Quantum Computing for Nuclear Physics
1415 November 2017, INT 
Nearterm Applications of Quantum Computing
67 December 2017, Fermilab 
Workshop on Quantum Sensing
1214 December 2017, ANL
Relevant papers:

Observation of a manybody dynamical phase transition with a 53qubit quantum simulator
J. Zhang, ..., A. V. Gorshkov, C. Monroe, et al., Nature 551, 601 (2017) 
Quantum simulations of lattice gauge theories using ultracold atoms in optical lattices
E. Zohar et al., Rep. Prog. Phys. 79, 014401 (2016) 
Realtime dynamics of lattice gauge theories with a fewqubit quantum computer
E. A. Martinez, C. A. Muschik, et al., Nature 534, 516–519 (2016) 
Deep inelastic scattering as a probe of entanglement
D. E. Kharzeev & E. M. Levin, Phys. Rev. D95 (2017) no.11, 114008 
Thermal excitation spectrum from entanglement in an expanding quantum string
J. Berges, S. Floerchinger, & R. Venugopalan, Phys.Lett. B778 (2018) 442446 
Ground States via Spectral Combing on a Quantum Computer
D. B. Kaplan, et al., arXiv:1709.08250 
Cloud Quantum Computing of an Atomic Nucleus
E. F. Dumitrescu, D. J. Dean, R. C. Pooser, et al., arXiV:1801.03897 
QuantumClassical Dynamical Calculations of the Schwinger Model using Quantum Computers
N. Klco, ..., R. C. Pooser, M. J. Savage, et al., arXiV:1803.03326 
cP(N1) quantum field theories with alkalineearth atoms in optical lattices
C. Laflamme et al., Annals of Physics 370, 117 (2016) 
Quantum sensing
C. L. Degen et al., Reviews of Modern Physics 89, 035002 
Hidden variables and the two theorems of John Bell
N. D. Mermin, Reviews of Modern Physics 65, 803