Author: Schlitt, B.
Paper Title Page
TUB04 LINAC Experience In The First Two Years of Operation @ CNAO (Centro Nazionale Adroterapia Oncologica) 129
  • S. Vitulli, E. Vacchieri
    CNAO Foundation, Milan, Italy
  • A. Reiter, B. Schlitt
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  CNAO is the first medical accelerator facility for deep hadrontherapy with C6+ and H3+ in Italy. The LINAC device at CNAO include a RFQ structure accelerating up to 400 keV/u and an IH structure works up to 7 MeV/u. Such LINAC works as injector in a 78 m circumference synchrotron where the beam reaches up to 400 MeV/u. The LINAC commissioning was performed during 2009 and from beginning of 2011, it entered into routine and continuous operation. First patient was treated in September 2011. The principal LINAC parameters are daily monitored, like output energy (by means of online not destructive ToF measurements), cavities voltage, cavities RF forward power, beam current transmission. No major faults were observed in the first two years of operation. LINAC beam is stable within an error of ±0.02 MeV/u. The relation between LINAC extraction and synchrotron injection is under investigation. This paper summarizes the monitoring issues (i.e. reproducibility of settings and beam parameters as well as long term stability measures) on the CNAO LINAC during daily patient treatments and outlines the measurements performed in the initial commissioning compared within actual status.  
WEC05 Design Studies for a New Heavy Ion Injector Linac for FAIR 191
  • B. Schlitt, W.A. Barth, G. Clemente, W. Vinzenz
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  As the GSI UNILAC started operation in 1975, it will be more than 40 years old when the commissioning of the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at GSI will start. To assure reliable operation for FAIR and to provide beams for a variety of experiments, three separate linacs are proposed: 1.) A new superconducting cw heavy-ion linac behind the upgraded high charge state injector HLI shall provide ion beams with high duty cycle and adjustable energy in the MeV/u region for the super-heavy element program as well as for further UNILAC experiments. 2.) A dedicated 70 MeV proton linac will serve as injector for the FAIR pbar physics program. 3.) To deliver high-intensity heavy-ion beams for FAIR, the existing post-stripper linac should be replaced by a new high energy linac with short beam pulses, low pulse repetition rate, and fixed end energy. Conceptual design studies for the latter machine using 108 MHz IH-type drift tube structures will be presented, including a proposal to increase the ion charge states for synchrotron injection as well as a linac beam energy upgrade using 325 MHz CH structures.  
slides icon Slides WEC05 [6.013 MB]