WEB —  Ion Sources   (20-Jun-12   10:30—12:30)
Chair: A.I. Pikin, BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
Paper Title Page
WEB01 Electron Beam Ion Sources, Traps, and Strings: Versatile Devices to Meet the High Charge State Ion Needs of Modern Facilities 164
  • E.N. Beebe, J.G. Alessi, A.I. Pikin
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy, and by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Electron beam ion sources (EBIS) and its variants such as the electron beam ion trap (EBIT) and electron string ion source (ESIS) have been selected to provide highly charged ions for several atomic and nuclear physics facilities. Since the capture and breeding can be short and highly efficient, EBIST devices are increasingly being chosen for trapping and/or reacceleration of radioactive beams. The sources can range from petite to grand, using electron beams from ~1mA to 10A or more. They often serve accelerators and beam lines in large laboratories but they can be self contained laboratories where experiments are made in situ. We will discuss the basic principles as well as applications of these sources at various facilities around the world. Some emphasis will be placed on the recently commissioned RHIC EBIS source which is now providing beams for both high energy physics at the relativistic heavy ion collider as well as the NASA space radiation laboratory at BNL.
slides icon Slides WEB01 [2.850 MB]  
WEB02 Commissioning of CARIBU EBIS Charge Breeder Sub-systems 165
  • S.A. Kondrashev, C. Dickerson, A. Levand, P.N. Ostroumov, R.C. Vondrasek
    ANL, Argonne, USA
  • M.A. Batazova, G.I. Kuznetsov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • A.I. Pikin
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Physics, under contract number DE-AC02-06CH11357.
A high-efficiency charge breeder based on an Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS) to increase the intensity and improve the purity of accelerated neutron-rich radioactive ion beams is being developed by the ANL Physics Division. The design of the EBIS charge breeder is complete and manufacturing of the components and sub-systems is in progress. A 6-Tesla superconducting solenoid and a high-perveance electron gun were recently delivered and successfully commissioned. The current status of the ANL EBIS development and commissioning results of different EBIS sub-systems will be presented.
slides icon Slides WEB02 [1.219 MB]  
WEB03 DREEBIT EBIS/T for Applications in Accelerator Physics 170
  • M. Schmidt, A. Thorn
    DREEBIT GmbH, Dresden, Germany
  • G. Zschornack
    Technische Universität Dresden, Institut für Angewandte Physik, Dresden, Germany
  Funding: Supported by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology
Electron Beam Ion Sources and Traps provide light up to heavy ions of low up to high charge states for various applications in accelerator physics such as medical particle therapy and charge breeding. Beside the well-known but quiet costly superconducting EBIS/T type systems compact and permanent magnet-operated EBIS/T from the DREEBIT Company are available, favorable for low-budget projects. Moreover, the "flagship" of the DREEBIT ion source family, the superconducting EBIS-SC features operating parameters comparable to the complex and expensive systems in the EBIS/T community.
slides icon Slides WEB03 [3.655 MB]  
poster icon Poster WEB03 [7.892 MB]  
WEB04 Electron and Ion Beam Dynamics in the CARIBU EBIS Charge Breeder 172
  • C. Dickerson, S.A. Kondrashev, B. Mustapha, P.N. Ostroumov
    ANL, Argonne, USA
  • A.I. Pikin
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Physics, under contract number DE-AC02-06CH11357.
An Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS) is being built to charge breed ion beams from the Californium Rare Isotope Breeder Upgrade (CARIBU) for acceleration in the Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System (ATLAS) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The overall efficiency of the source and charge breeder system is important since CARIBU will produce many low intensity radioactive ion species. Simulations of the electron and ion beam dynamics have been used to determine the system’s expected performance. The details of these simulations and results will be presented.
slides icon Slides WEB04 [1.362 MB]  
WEB05 ECRIS Latest Developments 173
  • L. Celona, G. Castro, S. Gammino, D. Mascali
    INFN/LNS, Catania, Italy
  • G. Ciavola
    CNAO Foundation, Milan, Italy
  The production of intense beams of highly charged ions (HCI) is one of the most relevant challenge for the future accelerator facilities. Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Sources (ECRIS) are nowadays the most powerful devices able to feed accelerators with HCI in a reliable and efficient way. The reliability of frontier solutions for magnets and the increased costs for microwave generators make scaling to larger frequency not viable. Any further improvement of ECRIS output currents and average charge state requires a deep understanding of electron and ion dynamics in the plasma. In the past 20 years different teams have been working in the forefront of ion source developments with both experimental and theoretical activities, proposing different solutions to improve the production rate. The paper will discuss the most recent technological developments in the field, worldwide, together with the modeling issues of non-classical evidences like sensitivity of Electron Energy Distribution Function to the magnetic field detuning, influence of plasma turbulences on electron heating and ion confinement, coupling between electron and ion dynamics and relative impact on the formed ion beam.