Keyword: rfq
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MOC01 Progress and Plans for High Mass Beam Delivery at TRIUMF linac, ISAC, target, ion 33
  • M. Marchetto
    TRIUMF, Canada's National Laboratory for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Vancouver, Canada
  ISAC is a TRIUMF facility for production and post-acceleration of radioactive ion beams (RIB). The RIBs are produced in two targets using a 500 MeV proton of up to 0.1 mA. The produced radioactive species are then ionized, extracted up to 60 kV, mass selected and transported to either the low energy experimental area or to the post-accelerators. The first stage of acceleration is accomplished via an RFQ followed by a DTL; at this medium stage the energy ranges between 0.15 MeV/u and 1.8 MeV/u for 3≤A/q≤7. The second stage of the acceleration uses a 40 MV superconducting linac for a final energy up to 18 MeV/u. High mass (>30) beams need multiple charges to be accepted by the RFQ. The single charge ions out of the target source are charge bred using an ECR charge state booster. The breeding process generates a significant amount of background contamination that masks the desired ions inside a mixed ”cocktail” beam. Such a cocktail needs to be cleaned of contaminants. An unprecedented effort is going on at TRIUMF trying to clean the high mass cocktail beams using the accelerator chain as filter. The progress and future plans of the project will be presented in this paper.  
slides icon Slides MOC01 [3.144 MB]  
PO09 Progress on the RFQ Beam Cooler Design for SPES Project ion, emittance, vacuum, injection 68
  • M.M. Maggiore, F. Chiurlotto, M. Comunian, A. Dainelli, M. De Lazzari, A. Galatà, A. Minarello, A.M. Porcellato, S. Stark
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  The SPES project is the new Radioactive Ion Beam facility under construction at Laboratori Nazionali of Legnaro, Italy. In this framework in order to improve the beam quality in terms of transversa emittance and energy spread, a study of a new RFQ beam cooler device is in progress. The electromagnetic design of the RFQ section and the electrostatic layout of the injection and extraction regions have been done. The study about the beam dynamic is going on by means of dedicated codes which allow to take into account the interaction of the ions with the buffer gas needed to cool the beams. The preliminary design of the device is carrying on at LNL since 2011 and the feasibility study is funded by V committee of INFN in the framework of REGATA experiment. Both beam dynamics study and the electromagnetic design are presented in this work.  
TUA03 The Compact Pulsed Hadron Source Status* proton, target, DTL, neutron 112
  • X. Guan
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  Abstract The Compact Pulsed Hadron Source (CPHS) at the Tsinghua University in Beijing, China has been reported in this paper. CPHS consists of a proton linac, a neutron target station, and a small-angle neutron scattering instrument, a neutron imaging/radiology station, and a proton irradiation station. The proton linac accelerator part is composed of a ECR ion source. LEBT section, a RFQ accelerator, a DTL linac and a HEBT. A 3 meters long of RFQ machine can accelerate the proton to 3MeV. No MEBT will be requirement in this project. The Drift Tube Linac with permanent magnets focusing lens will accept the proton beam direct from RFQ. A 4.3 meters length of DTL will accelerate the beam up to 13MeV. The HEBT section will transport the proton beam from output of DTL to the center of MTR. Up to now, the IS/LEBT and the RFQ heve ready. The first phase of the CPHS construction is scheduled to complete 3MeV proton beam on the target in the middle of 2012.
*Work supported by the “985 Project” of the Ministry of Education of China,
slides icon Slides TUA03 [3.998 MB]  
TUB04 LINAC Experience In The First Two Years of Operation @ CNAO (Centro Nazionale Adroterapia Oncologica) linac, synchrotron, proton, injection 129
  • S. Vitulli, E. Vacchieri
    CNAO Foundation, Milan, Italy
  • A. Reiter, B. Schlitt
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  CNAO is the first medical accelerator facility for deep hadrontherapy with C6+ and H3+ in Italy. The LINAC device at CNAO include a RFQ structure accelerating up to 400 keV/u and an IH structure works up to 7 MeV/u. Such LINAC works as injector in a 78 m circumference synchrotron where the beam reaches up to 400 MeV/u. The LINAC commissioning was performed during 2009 and from beginning of 2011, it entered into routine and continuous operation. First patient was treated in September 2011. The principal LINAC parameters are daily monitored, like output energy (by means of online not destructive ToF measurements), cavities voltage, cavities RF forward power, beam current transmission. No major faults were observed in the first two years of operation. LINAC beam is stable within an error of ±0.02 MeV/u. The relation between LINAC extraction and synchrotron injection is under investigation. This paper summarizes the monitoring issues (i.e. reproducibility of settings and beam parameters as well as long term stability measures) on the CNAO LINAC during daily patient treatments and outlines the measurements performed in the initial commissioning compared within actual status.  
TUC01 Physical Design of the SPES Facility target, ion, plasma, linac 136
  • M. Comunian
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  SPES (Selective Production of Exotic Species) is the Italian project for a radioactive ion beam (RIB) facility based on a cyclotron as primary accelerator and on the existing superconducting linac ALPI as post accelerator. The cyclotron, energy up to 70 MeV and total current of 0.75 mA, shared on two exits, is in construction in the industry. The production of neutron-rich radioactive nuclei, with ISOL technique, employs the proton induced fission on a direct target of UCx; the fission rate expected with a proton beam of 40 MeV and 0.2 mA, is 1013 fissions/s. The main goal of physical design of the SPES facility is to provide an accelerator system to perform forefront research in nuclear physics by studying nuclei far from stability, in particular neutron-rich radioactive nuclei with masses in the range of 80–160. The final RIB energy on the experimental target will be up to 11 MeV/A for A = 130, with an intensity in the range of 107–109 pps.  
slides icon Slides TUC01 [5.313 MB]  
THA03 Status and Upgrade Project of HIRFL heavy-ion, ion, linac, DTL 198
  • G.Q. Xiao, Y. He, X. Ma, M.T. Song, J.W. Xia, H.S. Xu, J.C. Yang, Y.J. Yuan, H.W. Zhao, X. Zhou
    IMP, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
  Heavy Ion Research Facility at Lanzhou is a heavy ion accelerator complex for nuclear, atomic, and biology application research activities. It is the biggest heavy ion accelerator facility in China, consisting two cyclotrons in series as injector and two cooling storage rings (CSRm and CSRe) as main synclotron and experimental spectrum separately. The species from P to U were accelerated in the machine, And the maximum energy is 1 GeV/u for C. The experimetal teminals are on meterial, biology, canser therapy, SHE, RIB, mass measurement, inner target, and so on. To improve beam intensity and available beam time, a linear injectors SSC-LINAC were proposed in 2009. It consists a 4-rod RFQ and 4 IH-DTL tanks. The RFQ, IH-DTL, and 60 kW solid state amplifier for SSC-LINAC are tested priliminaryly. The operation status and progress of upgrade projects of HIRFL are presented in the paper.  
slides icon Slides THA03 [6.806 MB]  
THB02 New Design for the SARAF Phase II Linac linac, proton 206
  • B. Mustapha, Z.A. Conway, M.P. Kelly, A. Kolomiets, S.V. Kutsaev, P.N. Ostroumov
    ANL, Argonne, USA
  • J. Rodnizki
    Soreq NRC, Yavne, Israel
  Funding: This work was supported by the ANL WFO No. 85Y47.
We have developed a new design for the 40 MeV/u - 5 mA proton/deuteron SARAF Phase-II Linac. It includes a RFQ, room-temperature bunchers and two types of SC cavities. The new design is based on highly optimized ring-shaped HWR structures operating at 176 MHz, the same frequency as the current SARAF Phase-I linac. We will first present the optimized design of all the components from the RFQ to the SC cavities, then the proposed linac layout, and finally the results of end-to-end beam dynamics simulations including machine errors, realistic corrections and beam loss analysis.
slides icon Slides THB02 [2.634 MB]  
THB03 Design Sudy for Front-End System at Rare Isotope Science Project (RISP) ion, ECR, emittance, simulation 207
  • E.-S. Kim
    KNU, Deagu, Republic of Korea
  • J. Bahng, J.G. Hwang, S.W. Jang
    Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
  • B. Choi, D. Jeon, B. Kim, H. Kim, S.K. Kim
    IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  Heavy ion beams of 400 kW and 70 kW are generated at the RISP by in-flight and ISOL methods, respectively. Front-End system in the RISP consists of 28 GHz superconducting ECR-IS with 10 keV/u, LEBT with two-bends and a multi-harmonic buncher, a RFQ with 81.25 MHz and 300 keV/u, and MEBT with two re-bunchers. The design studies have been performed to optimize the beam and accelerator parameters to meet the required design goals. It is shown that the front-end simulations results can provide the two-charge state beams up to uranium to upstream linac with the required beam emittances. In this paper, we present the design results for the front-end system and on the beam dynamics.  
slides icon Slides THB03 [1.942 MB]  
THB04 Development of the Intensity and Quality of the Heavy Ion Beams at GSI ion, emittance, vacuum, injection 211
  • L.A. Dahl, W.A. Barth, M.C. Bellachioma, L. Groening, O.K. Kester, M.M. Kirk, D. Ondreka, N. Pyka, P.J. Spiller, J. Stadlmann, H. Vormann, S.G. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • L.H.J. Bozyk, Y. El-Hayek
    FIAS, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • C. Xiao
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  For injection into the future FAIR SIS100 synchrotron the GSI linear accelerator UNILAC and synchrotron SIS18 have to provide 1.5·1011 p/spill for the reference U28+ beam. The MeVVa ion source extracts 37 emA of U4+ beam. For improved transmission the RFQ vanes were revised and exchanged. A new ion source terminal with straightforward beam injection into the RFQ is calculated and partly realized for loss free beam transport to the RFQ. To improve the quality of the space charge dominated beam in the DFFD periodic focussing Alvarez section a transverse 4th order resonance was investigated by simulations and experimentally. The multi turn beam injection into the SIS18 requires emittances below βγεx/βγεy=0.8/2.5 [μm]. This suggests introducing a new concept for emittance transfer by solenoidal stripping. A set-up for experimental proof of principle will be installed at the foil stripper. The SIS18 has been equipped with NEG-coated chambers for all magnets and the injection septum. Newly installed ion catchers improve especially the dynamic vacuum pressure. The effect on progress in beam quality development and intensity will be reported.  
slides icon Slides THB04 [9.809 MB]  
THB05 The HITRAP Decelerator and Beam Instrumentation ion, electron, diagnostics, instrumentation 217
  • F. Herfurth, Z. Andjelkovic, W.A. Barth, K. Brantjes, G. Clemente, L.A. Dahl, S. Fedotova, P. Gerhard, M. Kaiser, O.K. Kester, H.J. Kluge, C. Kozhuharov, M.T. Maier, D. Neidherr, W. Quint, A. Reiter, T. Stöhlker, G. Vorobjev, S.G. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • U. Ratzinger, A. Schempp
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  A linear decelerator is being commissioned for heavy, highly-charged ions (HCI) at GSI in Darmstadt/Germany. HCI with only one or few electrons are interesting systems for many different experiments as for instance precision tests of the theory of quantum electrodynamics (QED). In order to transform heavy HCI produced at 400 MeV/u to stored and cooled HCI at low energy the linear decelerator facility HITRAP has been setup behind the experimental storage ring (ESR). The ions are decelerated in the ESR from 400 to 4 MeV/u, cooled and extracted. The ions are then matched to an IH-structure using a double drift buncher, decelerated from 4 to 0.5 MeV/u in the IH, and then down to 6 keV/u in a 4-rod RFQ. To detect and analyze the weak and sparse ion bunches a new type of energy analyzing detector has been developed along with improvements to other “standard” beam instrumentation. One million highly charged ions have been decelerated with the IH from 400 MeV/u to about 0.5 MeV/u per cycle. The RFQ has shown in off-line tests to decelerate ions, however, the measured acceptance does not fit the ion beam from the IH. This requires a refined design, which is underway.  
slides icon Slides THB05 [2.925 MB]