Quark matter at high density and low temperature is expected to be a color superconductor, which is a degenerate Fermi gas of quarks with a condensate of Cooper pairs near the Fermi surface. At the highest densities, where the QCD coupling is weak, rigorous calculations are possible, and the ground state is a particularly symmetric state, the color-flavor locked (CFL) phase. At lower densities the CFL phase suffers from flavor-symmetry-breaking stresses, so alternative phases, some of which break translation and/or rotation invariance, may be favored. I will review the state of our understanding of these phenomena, and discuss the effort to develop signatures of the presence of color superconducting quark matter in neutron stars.
Argonne Physics Division Seminar Schedule